SEG projects in the Airborne domain have involved entire systems or selected subsystems of Aircraft, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), Missiles, Electronics [examples are radar, EO/IR, EW, ECM, and Command, Control, Communication, Computer, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) elements], and the Ground / Surface Components of Airborne systems (equipment and facilities).

The table provides an overview of projects for which Airborne is the 'primary' domain. Project names link to the corresponding project write-ups and a brief description of the SEG role.

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Assault DIRCM

FireScout

Program Description: This was a program to design and develop a Directed Infrared Countermeasure (DIRCM) system for application to rotary wing and tilt rotor aircraft supporting littoral assault operations.

SEG Role: SEG provided systems engineering support to the Assault DIRCM program. Specific efforts included drafted and assisted with initial coordination of the Assault DIRCM System Performance Specification (SPS).

Blackswift

Blackswift

Program Description: The program's objectives were to develop and demonstrate hypersonic technologies that will enable prompt global reach missions. The future vision for the capability entailed a reusable Hypersonic Cruise Vehicle (HCV) that could deliver large payloads at long distances from the continental United States.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and source selection support to the Blackswift program. Specific efforts included review and analysis of proposal packages, creation of cost metrics to assist in proposal analysis, and direct support to the source selection team members.

Combat Search and Rescue Helicopter Replacement (CSAR-X)

CSARX

Program Description: Competition for a multi-billion dollar contract to develop and deliver the next generation of Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR) helicopter for the US military.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and systems engineering support to the CSAR-X program. Specific efforts included providing red team support to one of the bidders to assess their approaches and basis of estimate documentation in support of the proposal.  Additionally, SEG reviewed and assisted with answers to government fact finding and clarification questions.

Counter-Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems (MANPADS) Program

CounterMANPADS

CounterMANPADS image2

Program Description: The Counter-Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems (MANPADS) Program conducted an operational assessment of equipping commercial transport aircraft with defense systems for countering MANPADS attacks. The strategy of the Counter-MANPADS program was to demonstrate proven military technology in the commercial aviation environment through a rigorous system engineering process and an aggressive system development, demonstration, and evaluation program. more information

SEG Role: SEG provided cost, systems engineering, economic analysis and source selection support to the Counter-MANPADS program. Specific efforts included

1.
Constructing programmatic baselines
2.
Developing SETA LCC estimates
3.
Reviewing contractor LCC estimates
4.
Developing inputs for DHS planning, programming, and budgeting activities
5.
Working extensively with other IPTs to ensure consistency and accuracy between engineering plans and LCC estimates
6.
Reviewing milestone payments, monthly status reports including EVMS reports, and contractor documents
7.
Led guidance and review of the Manufacturing Rate Assessments
8.
Participating in and provided feedback on all formal program reviews (e.g., PDR, CDR, TRR, etc.)
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Writing key chapter in the final Phase II report for Congress
10.
Supporting contract negotiation sessions and drafted Phase III Solicitation
11.
Created alternative deployment scenarios and LCC estimates for each

CYCLONE Price-to-Win

Cyclone

Program Description: SEG teamed with Strategic Engineering Solutions (SES) for an analysis of potential teams that could fulfill the requirements of an RFP for an optionally piloted aircraft system.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and systems engineering support to the CYCLONE effort. SEG reviewed the RFP, assessed the platform, sensor suite, and performance requirements, determined teams that could meet those requirements, and then assessed the likely range of costs that each team would require to develop a system that met the RFP specifications. Based up that information, SEG developed a Price-to-Win (PTW).

Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordnance (EXACTO)

EXACTO

Program Description: The Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordnance (EXACTO) system will improve sniper effectiveness and enhance troop safety by allowing greater shooter standoff range and reduction in target engagement time lines. Acquiring moving targets in unfavorable conditions, such as high winds commonly found in Afghanistan, is extremely challenging with current technology. The objective of the EXACTO program is to revolutionize rifle accuracy and range by developing the first ever guided small caliber bullet. The EXACTO 50- caliber round and optical sighting technology will greatly extend the day and nighttime range over current state-of-the-art sniper systems. The system combines a maneuverable bullet and a real-time guidance system to both track and deliver the projectile to the target. Technology development includes the design and integration of aero-actuation controls, power sources, optical guidance systems, and sensors. Source: www.darpa.mil. more information

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and systems engineering support to the EXACTO program. SEG was brought in mid-phase to support design reviews and establish a rigorous cost analytic framework to inform and enhance the systems engineering effort.

F-22 Acquisition Tiger Team

f22

Program Description: The F-22 Raptor is a single-seat, twin-engine fifth-generation super maneuverable fighter aircraft that uses stealth technology. It was designed primarily as an air superiority fighter, but has additional capabilities that include ground attack, electronic warfare, and signals intelligence roles. Lockheed Martin (LM) is the prime contractor and is responsible for the majority of the airframe, weapon systems and final assembly of the F-22. Program partner Boeing provides the wings, aft fuselage, avionics integration, and training systems.

SEG Role: SEG was asked to be a cost SME to support the RMS McGladrey lead Acquisition Tiger Team on the latest costs on the F-22 Raptor. The F-22 study was initiated by SECAF. SEG assisted with the analysis of the non-recurring and recurring costs associated with the airframe, avionics, other systems, integration, and final assembly. SEG assisted in the analysis of results that were included in the final report to USAF.

F/A-18 Cost Reduction Initiatives

FA18

Program Description: Independent study investigating the potential cost implications of outsourcing (contractor vice organic) the components, engine, and/or airframe maintenance activities associated with the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) F/A-18E/F program.

SEG Role: As the Cost SME, SEG provided cost analysis support to PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PWC) as part of this independent study.  SEG assisted in generating the cost analysis assumptions, formulated data collection template, assisted in fact-finding sessions at NAVAIR, created the cost analysis spreadsheet, and provided cost analysis results as inputs to the final report.

Free Space Optical Experimental Network Experiment (FOENEX)

follow-on to ORCA

FOENEX image1

Program Description: The Free Space Optical Experimental Network Experiment (FOENEX) program seeks to develop combined radio frequency (RF) and free space optical (FSO) communications, as well as networking technologies that exploit the benefits of complementary path diversity. FOENEX will develop RF and FSO propagation channel analysis, coding techniques, and modeling to include weather, atmospherics and aero-optics to provide the joint force commander assured high-data rate communications. The technical objective is to prototype and flight demonstrate hybrid FSO/RF air-to-air-to ground links that combine the best attributes of both technologies and simulate hybrid network performance. Source: www.darpa.mil. more information

SEG Role: SEG provides cost, systems engineering, and source selection support to the FOENEX program. Specific efforts include providing monthly earned value management review and feedback to contractor teams, budget analysis and support, schedule and cost analysis of programmatic delays/changes, on-site support and troubleshooting during subsystem testing, and review and analysis of proposal packages for multiple phases of the program.

Global Hawk BAMS Analysis

BAMS

Program Description: SEG teamed with Airborne Technologies, Inc. (ATI) for a quick reaction analysis of current Global Hawk capabilities relative to the US Navy’s requirements for their BAMS UAV.  The purpose of the effort was to assess the technical effort and associated cost necessary for the system to meet the USN BAMS UAV requirements and specifications.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and systems engineering support to this program. Specific efforts included

1.
Researched and assessed Global Hawk system capabilities relative to BAMS requirements
2.
Analyzed the costs of potential Global Hawk modifications necessary to meet USN BAMS UAV requirements
3.
Created operational concept assumptions to evaluate Global Hawk Operations and Support costs

Global Hawk CCA Support

global hawk cca

Program Description: The Air Force Cost Analysis Agency (AFCAA) was tasked by SECDEF to undertake a Component Cost Assessment (CCA) of the Global Hawk UAV Program in support of its upcoming Milestone II decisions.

SEG Role: SEG assisted AFCAA in conducting a quick reaction cost assessment of the Ground Segment (GS) and Integrated Sensor Suite (ISS) for the Global Hawk UAV system.  Built detailed cost estimates and researched similar systems in support of the final report documentation.

High Altitude Endurance (HAE) UAV AoA

HAE

Program Description: At the direction of AF/XO and other members of the HAE UAV Transition IPT, an Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) was initiated to compare cost and effectiveness for several high altitude platforms: U-2, Global Hawk UAV, and DarkStar UAV. This AoA was focused on potential replacement of the U-2 manned ISR platform with a UAV (ultimately Global Hawk). Each mission was assessed for efficacy as well as operational costs.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and systems engineering support to the HAE UAV AoA. Tasked with coordinating, generating, and reviewing the LCC estimates and associated efforts (e.g., Models, CARDs, etc.) needed for the AoA. Developed detailed acquisition and support profiles (FY01-FY38) for the Global Hawk, DarkStar, and CGS programs. Assisted in identifying and analyzing cost and performance impacts associated with new or modified sensor (SAR, EO/IR, and SIGINT) and communication (LOS and BLOS) equipment. In addition, many of the LCC models developed for the AoA are currently being used to support ASC/RA, AC2ISRC/C2U, AQIJ, XOR, and OSD ‘what if ‘ cost drills for Global Hawk program decisions.

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High Energy Liquid Laser Area Defense System (HELLADS)

HELLADS image

Program Description: Enemy surface-to-air threats to manned and unmanned aircraft have become increasingly sophisticated, creating a need for rapid and effective response to this growing category of threats. High power lasers can provide a solution to this challenge, as they harness the speed and power of light to counter multiple threats. Laser weapon systems provide additional capability for offensive missions as well—adding precise targeting with low probability of collateral damage. For consideration as a weapon system on today’s air assets though, these laser weapon systems must be lighter and more compact than the state-of-the-art has produced.

The goal of the HELLADS program is to develop a 150 kilowatt (kW) laser weapon system that is ten times smaller and lighter than current lasers of similar power, enabling integration onto tactical aircraft to defend against and defeat ground threats. Source: www.darpa.mil. more information

SEG Role: SEG provides cost, systems engineering, and source selection support to the HELLADS program. Specific efforts include performing a program cost risk assessment and review and analysis of proposal packages for multiple phases of the program.

Integrated Performance and Cost Model (IPCM)

IPCM logo1

Program Description: There is a need to conduct cost-effectiveness studies early in the product development cycle. The SEG team was competitively selected to develop a tool that dynamically links cost, engineering, and operational effectiveness models in a common environment to conduct these cost-effectiveness studies. The result is the Integrated Performance and Cost Model (IPCM). It is a key component of the Simulation and Modeling for Acquisition, Requirements, and Training (SMART) initiative. IPCM is used early in the conceptual phase of product development to bring together three traditionally disparate disciplines (engineers, cost analysts, and requirements generators). The analysis with IPCM can lead to a re-examination of program goals, objectives, and requirements.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost, systems engineering, and operations research support to the IPCM program. Specific efforts included

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Providing operational effectiveness modeling expertise during IPCM design, development, demonstration, and implementation
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Developing multiple analysis plans to facilitate the demonstration of IPCM capabilities
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Incorporating the Combined Arms and Support Task Force Evaluation Model (CASTFOREM) into IPCM
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Incorporating the Combined Arms Analysis Tool for the 21st Century (Combat XXI) into IPCM
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Supporting on-site installation of the IPCM tool at selected locations

Integrated Sensor is Structure (ISIS)

ISIS image1

Program Description: The Integrated Sensor is Structure (ISIS) program is developing a sensor of unprecedented proportions that is fully integrated into a stratospheric airship that will address the need for persistent wide-area surveillance, tracking, and engagement for hundreds of time-critical air and ground targets in urban and rural environments. ISIS is achieving radical sensor improvements by melding the next generation technologies for enormous lightweight antenna apertures and high-energy density components into a highly integrated, lightweight, multi-purpose airship structure - completely erasing the distinction between payload and platform. Source: www.darpa.mil. more information

SEG Role: SEG provides cost and source selection support to the ISIS program. Specific efforts include review and analysis of proposal packages, creation of negotiating positions, and supporting contracts through the negotiation and award process.

JATAS Price-to-Win

JATAS

Program Description: SEG teamed with Alaire Technologies, Inc. (ATI) for an analysis of the resources required to fulfill the requirements of an RFP for an advanced threat warning system for aircraft.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and systems engineering support to the JATAS PTW effort. SEG reviewed the RFP, assessed the requirements, built a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), and created a Price-to-Win (PTW) estimate.

Missile and Munitions Database

Hellfire missileSidewinder missile

Program Description: The Missiles & Munitions (M&M) database serves as a repository for cost data on applicable M&M systems.  The database stores cost information submitted on Cost Data Summary Reports (CDSR), Functional Cost-Hour Reports (FCHR) and Cost Performance Reports (CPR) by M&M programs.  The database is used to create cost estimating relationships (CER) and to otherwise assist in cost estimation for the development and planning of future M&M systems.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and economic analysis support to the M&M program. Specific efforts included updating the M&M database with new CDSR, FCHR, and CDR records from current and historical programs, normalizing and checking the data after upload to the database, and prioritizing records to request from the Defense Automated Cost Information System (DACIMS) list based upon goals and objectives for ongoing Army cost analyses.

National Missile Defense (NMD)

NMD

Program Description: The National Missile Defense (NMD) program represents a type of missile defense intended to shield the entire US against incoming missiles, such as intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBMs) or other ballistic missiles. Interception might be by anti-ballistic missiles or directed-energy weapons such as lasers. Interception might occur near the launch point (boost phase), during flight through space (mid-course phase), or during atmospheric descent (terminal phase).

SEG Role: SEG provided pre-/post source selection expert support associated with cost as an Independent Variable (CAIV) issues for the BMDO National Missile Defense (NMD) program. Support focused on validation of CAIV Plan and relevancy of CAIV toolbox for the NMD program.

Sky Pony

SkyPony

Program Description: This effort was to flesh out the concept of a “flying Highly Mobile Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMWWV)” and determine realistic unit cost objectives.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and systems engineering support to the Sky Pony program. Specific efforts included postulating a notional technical baseline and associated unit production cost estimate.

Strike Directed Infrared Counter-measures (DIRCM)

Strike DIRCM

Program Description:The US Navy has a requirement for an autonomous, pod-based system to counter Infrared (IR) seeking anti-aircraft missiles.  Housing the system in an external pod allows application to a broad range of tactical strike aircraft using standard interfaces available at mounting pylons.  Leading alternatives are variants of Directed Infrared Counter-measures (DIRCM), hence the program name, Strike DIRCM.  This was a systems engineering effort to leverage an emerging concept development document and lessons learned on an analogous R&D project to create a System Performance Specification to support a pending solicitation.

SEG Role: SEG provided systems engineering and source selection support to the NAVAIR Strike DIRCM program. Specific efforts included drafting a System Performance Specification, coordinating the draft of a Systems Engineering Plan (SEP), constructing software lines of code (SLOC) projections for a Strike DIRCM system, and assisting in the development/refinement/clarification of requirements.

Synthetic Aperture Ladar for Tactical Imaging (SALTI)

SALTI

Program Description: The SALTI program develops and demonstrates an airborne synthetic advanced laser radar (ladar) imager capable of producing high-resolution three-dimensional imagery at long ranges.  The technical objective of the SALTI program is to provide a proof-of-concept for operation at tactically relevant high altitudes and at long ground ranges. 

SEG Role: SEG provided cost and source selection support to the SALTI program. Specific efforts included review and analysis of proposal packages, creation of cost metrics to assist in proposal analysis, and direct support to the source selection team members.

Tactical Control System (TCS)

TCS

Program Description: Support a Milestone II (now ‘B’) review and decision on a Common Operating Environment (COE) compliant Joint Service UAV Tactical Control Station (TCS).

SEG Role: SEG provided cost support to the TCS program. Specific efforts included finalizing the LCC estimate developed for the Joint Service UAV Tactical Control System (TCS) for its Milestone II decision and associated interfaces with Navy Vertical Tactical UAV and the Army Tactical UAV programs.

Unmanned Combat Armed Rotorcraft (UCAR)

UCAR

Program Description: The UCAR program was slated to be an all-weather, highly autonomous and survivable unmanned rotorcraft fully integrated into the Army's objective force combat maneuver force structure.  It was to be a key component of the Future Combat System (FCS).  The UCAR program leveraged work performed under the Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle program in order to take a major step forward in system automation, meaning the UCAR system would utilize the highest levels of autonomy during missions, requiring human intervention only by exception.  The enabling technologies were survivability, autonomous operations, command and control, and targeting/weapons delivery.  The specific objectives of the UCAR program were: development and demonstration of an effective, low total ownership cost design for the system; an air and ground-based command and control architecture for UCAR operations; autonomous multi-ship cooperation and collaboration; autonomous low altitude flight; and system survivability.

SEG Role: SEG provided cost, systems engineering, economic analysis and source selection support to the UCAR program. Specific efforts included

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Assisted in the proposal evaluation and LCC estimating of the UCAR system
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Established formal cost ground rules and assumptions for the UCAR study contracts to utilize in their development of LCC metrics and mission utility analyses
3.
Conducted extensive research of the costs associated with potential weapons, platforms, etc. that were included in the UCAR cost ground rules and assumptions to facilitate calculation of various UCAR mission/vignette costs
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Assisted in development and refinement of the UCAR SDD estimate
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Constructed Production estimates for the initial Block 1 UCAR systems
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Actively participated in all major reviews across the Phases I and II contractors

V-22 Cost Reduction Initiatives

v22

Program Description: Independent study investigating the potential cost implications of outsourcing (contractor vice organic) the components, engine, and/or airframe maintenance activities associated with the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) V-22 program.

SEG Role: As the Cost SME, SEG provided cost analysis support to PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PWC) as part of this independent study. SEG assisted in generating the cost analysis assumptions, formulated data collection template, assisted in fact-finding sessions at NAVAIR, created the cost analysis spreadsheet, and provided cost analysis results as inputs to the final report.